Shayna's Class

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Process for research writing

1. Choose your main topic. (Sometimes the topic will be assigned to you.)

2. Do research — find information about the topic. Some sources of information: internet articles, educational videos, books, magazines, academic journals, and interviews.

* Be sure to keep track of your sources!

* You can print or copy the important pages from your source and mark the information you want to use. Or you can read/listen to the material and take notes.

3. Organize the information. Look through your research notes and decide what types (categories) of information are important. Write a list or outline of how you want to present these categories.

4. First draft — write the essay or report in your own words. Tip: use the outline to help you remember what to write, but DO NOT look at your sources directly. This will help you avoid copying from the sources.

For research writing, be sure to include a list of the sources you used for information.

5. Edit. Re-read what you wrote, or (even better!) ask someone else to read your paper and give you comments and advice. Does it make sense? Is it well organized? Is vocabulary used correctly?

6. Second draft — revise/rewrite your essay. Make changes based on your editing or your reader’s advice. Add details if you need to, and look up vocabulary that you couldn’t remember. ALSO: in the paper, add references to the sources you used for specific information. Update your source list at the end of the paper.

Filed under shaynasclass: writing shaynasclass: research

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Learning To Love The Ocean After A Lifetime Of Fearing It

Pre-University, Summer 2014: For extra practice, listen to his radio story. You can also read the article or the transcript for reading practice. The story should remind you of a theme from one of our other class projects this semester!

Filed under shaynasclass: pre-uni shaynasclass: listening shaynasclass: reading

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This charming video, which you can also watch here on the TED Education site, talks about metaphors. Metaphors are a figure of speech which describes something by comparing it to another thing, when they are not literally alike. Sometimes these phrases, which may contain common idioms, are confusing for English learners because they are not “true”; they are an artistic kind of description. You can hear the teacher, Jane Hirschfield, explaining this type of phrase.

Filed under poetry shaynasclass: poetry figurative language